Tuberculosis is a highly infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It has been present in Humans since antiquity, as the origins of the disease are in the first domestication of cattle. Several Egyptian mummies with severe skeletal deformities suggested that TB existed since long (Pott’s disease). TB was also known as Consumption, Phthisis, White-plague.
About a third of the world’s population is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Among communicable diseases, TB is the second leading cause of death worldwide after HIV/AIDS, killing nearly 2 million people each year. India accounts for one fourth of the global TB burden. India has highest burden of both TB and MDR TB based on estimates reported in Global TB Report 2016.
The aim of this review is to provide an update on the tuberculosis in an Indian scenario.
Key-words: Multi drug resistant TB, tuberculosis, white-plague